Georges Bizet

Georges Bizet , ; }} (25 October 18383 June 1875), registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the Romantic era. Best known for his operas in a career cut short by his early death, Bizet achieved few successes before his final work, ''Carmen'', which has become one of the most popular and frequently performed works in the entire opera repertoire.

During a brilliant student career at the Conservatoire de Paris, Bizet won many prizes, including the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1857. He was recognised as an outstanding pianist, though he chose not to capitalise on this skill and rarely performed in public. Returning to Paris after almost three years in Italy, he found that the main Parisian opera theatres preferred the established classical repertoire to the works of newcomers. His keyboard and orchestral compositions were likewise largely ignored; as a result, his career stalled, and he earned his living mainly by arranging and transcribing the music of others. Restless for success, he began many theatrical projects during the 1860s, most of which were abandoned. Neither of his two operas that reached the stage in this time—''Les pêcheurs de perles'' and ''La jolie fille de Perth''—were immediately successful.

After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871, during which Bizet served in the National Guard, he had little success with his one-act opera ''Djamileh'', though an orchestral suite derived from his incidental music to Alphonse Daudet's play ''L'Arlésienne'' was instantly popular. The production of Bizet's final opera, ''Carmen'', was delayed because of fears that its themes of betrayal and murder would offend audiences. After its premiere on 3 March 1875, Bizet was convinced that the work was a failure; he died of a heart attack three months later, unaware that it would prove a spectacular and enduring success.

Bizet's marriage to Geneviève Halévy was intermittently happy and produced one son. After his death, his work, apart from ''Carmen'', was generally neglected. Manuscripts were given away or lost, and published versions of his works were frequently revised and adapted by other hands. He founded no school and had no obvious disciples or successors. After years of neglect, his works began to be performed more frequently in the 20th century. Later commentators have acclaimed him as a composer of brilliance and originality whose premature death was a significant loss to French musical theatre. Provided by Wikipedia
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Bizet, Georges, 1838-1875 Symfonie č. 1 C dur. Malá suita pro orchestr /Dětské hry/. Vlast dramatická předehra op. 19 1990
Bizet, Georges, 1838-1875 Roma symfonie C dur / 1979
Bizet, Georges, 1838-1875 Carmen opera o čtyřech dějstvích / 1980
Bizet, Georges, 1838-1875 Carmen scény z opery o 4 dějstvích / 1964
Bizet, Georges, 1838-1875 Carmen opera o třech dějstvích / 1989
Bizet, Georges, 1838-1875 Carmen Opéra en trois actes : Livret de Henri Meilhac et Ludovic Halévy d'aprés la nouvelle de Prosper Mérimée / 1983
Sbory z oper 1977
Caruso, Enrico, 1873-1921 V duetech a sborech z oper 1979
Árie z francouzských oper 1971
Přibyl, Vilém, 1925-1990 Scény z oper 1986
Tomaszewski, Marek Thelast concert 1986
Thomas, Jess, 1927-1993 Operní recitál 1975
Obrazcova, Jelena Vasil'jevna, 1939-2015 Árie z oper 1974
Schreier, Peter, 1935- Peter Schreier-Theo Adam 1980
Caruso, Enrico, 1873-1921 Carusova dueta 1972
Operní předehry 1991
Archipova, Irina Konstantinovna, 1925-2010 Irina Archipova 1974
Bardini, Gaetano, 1929- Gaetano Bardini - tenor 1981
Caruso, Enrico, 1873-1921 Enrico Caruso in arias, duets and songs 1999
Žídek, Ivo, 1926-2003 Operatic recital 2008
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