Ernest Hemingway

{{nowraplinks|Hemingway working on ''[[For Whom the Bell Tolls]]'' at the Sun Valley Lodge in 1939}} Ernest Miller Hemingway (; July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer and journalist. He is known for the economical, understated style that significantly influenced later 20th-century writers, who admired his adventurous lifestyle and public image. Most of Hemingway's works were produced between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, during which he published seven novels, six short-story collections, and two nonfiction works. Three of his novels, four short-story collections, and three nonfiction works were published posthumously. Many of these became classics of American literature, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.

Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After high school, he was a reporter for a few months for ''The Kansas City Star'' before leaving for the Italian Front to enlist as an ambulance driver in World War I. He was seriously wounded in 1918 and returned home. His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel ''A Farewell to Arms'' (1929). In 1921, he married Hadley Richardson, the first of four wives. They moved to Paris, where he worked as a foreign correspondent for the ''Toronto Star'' and fell under the influence of the modernist writers and artists of the 1920s' "Lost Generation" expatriate community. His debut novel ''The Sun Also Rises'' was published in 1926.

He divorced Richardson in 1927 and married Pauline Pfeiffer. They divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War, where he worked as a journalist and which was the basis for his 1940 novel ''For Whom the Bell Tolls''. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940. He and Gellhorn separated after he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. Hemingway was present with Allied troops as a journalist at the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris. He maintained permanent residences in Key West, Florida, in the 1930s and in Cuba in the 1940s and 1950s. On a 1954 trip to Africa, he was seriously injured in two plane accidents on successive days, leaving him in pain and ill health for much of the rest of his life. In 1959, he bought a house in Ketchum, Idaho, where, in mid-1961, he died by suicide. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961
Published 2016
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